Monday, January 14, 2019
Karl Marx Essay
Karl Marx who was christened the father of modern communism was a sound ren possessed philosopher whose ideologies in the political, economy as tumefy as social perspectives were very(prenominal) significant. To Marx, the get out of inequality in auberge was a major concern and a central point in his ideologies. He blamed the inequality in society on the economic production. (Healey J 2006). He placed to a greater extent speech pattern on the operator of production which simply implied the tools or materials employ in order to ensure that goods and services were produced and distributed.To Marx, the office of production could straggle depending on the prevailing economic system. In cases of rude societies, land would be an heavy means of production tour for the industrial society the machinery and equipment, factories as well as the transportation system were the means of production. Marx further storied that societies were dominated by dandyistic tendencies in spite o f them being agricultural or industrial. To him there are 2 major social classes who are in continued struggle or conflict over the means of production.The two major classes are the bourgeoisie who not only own but also control the factors of production and it is also the ruling class. (Healey J 2006). The an new(prenominal)(prenominal) class comprises of the toil or the works class. Marx believed that conflicts between the two distinct classes were eminent or rather inevitable. The resultant effect was that the proletariat class would over throw the bourgeoisie and an equitable society would be attained. In the new society exploitation and coercion would be a thing of the past.The new society would be a class less(prenominal) society and inequality would be erased and social wobble would be attained. Marx presented a conflicting society that was characterised by continued class struggle. (Healey J 2006) Healey in Race, Ethnicity, Gender and class, far-famed that Max Weber a German sociologist was a major critic of Marx ideologies. He argued that Marx ideology of inequality in society was a very narrow one. To Weber, the inequality problem in society was complex and not as simple as Marx presented it.He was quite categorical that inequalities in society could not be entirely blamed on economic forces. In this regard he noted the cases where people may belong to the elite class in society but lack wealth attached to it or vice versa. around people may have the wealth but lack the self gaze. (Healey J, 2006) Marx and Weber agreed on the issue of inequalities in society. Weber expounded on Marx ideologies and he in fact adopted another(prenominal) stratification mechanisms regarding inequalities with will power and control of factors of production which was identical to Karl Marxs class ideology.Secondly, he brought around the idea of prestige where the amount of honour or self esteem given to people by others was highlighted. To Weber, factors lik e class, family lineage as well as animal(prenominal) appearance affected the amount of prestige or honour to be placed on people by others. The tercet stratification tally to Weber was power or the ability to invite or control others. A persons stand in political organisation determined how sizeable they were in the society.To Weber, the three groups had similar characteristics in the sense that wealthy, prestigious were likely to be more powerful when compared to the unfortunate people in the society. (Healey J, 2006). Both Marx and Weber agreed that the information of greatism was as a result of accumulated capital. However, they differed on how the accumulation was ensured. Marx was convinced that owners of the means of production or the bourgeois acquired immense capital through expropriation and exploitation of the functional class or the proletariat.On the other hand Weber perceived a society where the accumulation of capital was attributed to the dedication, self d enial and hard work of the capitalists. As Etzioni Halevy in affectionate change noted, Weber viewed social change in society as caused not only by the economic factors but also by values and ideas (Etzioni Halery E). Notably, Weber did not underestimate the role of or enormousness of economic factors in as far as social change in society was concerned. Some of Webers viewpoints earned him no fame as they just blended what Marx had earlier presented.The main distinction pertaining his ideologies was his emphasis on the fact that the advent of modern capitalist economy could not be wholly blamed on the economic factors. (Etzioni-Halevy J, 1981). To him, values had a very significant role to comprise and to this regard had to be considered with the same lastingness that was attached to economic factors. Important values cited by Weber include achievement oriented values which worked to motivate the entrepreneurs to work devotedly while negating from consumption to embrace inves tment.He perceived a society where entrepreneurs would quite of consuming their profits re-invest to earn more profits. (Etzioni-Halery J, 1981) To Marx, social change would be realised when the two conflicting classes were no more or when the working class overthrew the ruling class over the means of production. Weber spurned this view point on the argument that social change was a complex aspect which was affected by the class groupings as well as the varying or diverse status. (Allan K, 2005) The working class according to Marx earned a living by selling their labour to the owners of the means of production or capitalists.There was an eminent exploitation between the two classes in the society. Marx coined the term pauperization to mean the process through which the fertile became richer as the poor grew poorer. The exploitation was due to the fact that the wages remunerative to the working class by the capitalists was not equitable to the work or output they produced. Apart from receiving poor pay, the working class in poor conditions that negatively affected their mental as well as physical well being. (Giddens A and Griffiths, 2006).Weber backed Marx idea that the society was characterised by conflicts for power as well as resources. On how the society was structure Weber negated from Marx ideology that economic factors alone had a role to play in its determination. In contrast he noted that other important aspects like status as well as party had a role in class differences. According to Weber they could emerge from other aspects rather than economic forces. He noted that economic differences could arise from other resources rather than property for instance skills, qualifications or credentials. Taylor G and Spencer S, 2004). Weber argued that capitalism was not necessarily the critical factor triggering alienation and deprivation of the working class. Consequently, elimination of the private ownership would not suffice in terminate the inequalit y issue in the society. Weber blamed the alienation to the omnipotent structures of the bureaucratic rule (Hamilton P, 1991). Weber rejected socialism as a way of resolving the problems associated or linked in capitalism.